Hi teacher friends,
I’ve been busy creating a series of STEM projects for students who are studying Medieval Times & Middle Ages.. Next stop, Early Medieval Europe!
Challenge 1: Water Mill Challenge!
During the Medieval Times landowners with access to running water, specifically small waterfalls on their property, could build a watermill as long as the device did not stop or slow water that went to another, older mill. These water mills were primarily used to grind grain into flour which could then be used to make dough for bread. These mills were so efficient in their design that those with watermills ran them on a full time basis.
Here’s the Water Mill STEM Challenge:
Using a list of supplies, STEM teams must create a watermill. The watermill must properly spin when water is poured at the top of the wheel without falling apart. STEM teams have 3 days to complete this challenge. (**scroll down to the bottom of the post for listed materials and guides!!)
Challenge 2: Battering Ram
Medieval times were a violent period in history. New styles of weaponry and warfare were introduced during the Crusades. Siege warfare tactics included cutting off the enemy’s supplies, water, and food. Invaders would surround the fort or castle, not allowing the inhabitants to escape.
The Battering Ram of the medieval times was used as a siege weapon that allowed forces to break down walls or castle doors to gain access to the opponent’s stronghold. The battering consisted of one long piece of timber, (usually made of an entire tree) mounted on a structure with wheels to allow for transport of the device to the area that is desired. The timber in the battering ram typically was sharpened to a point on one end or covered in metal to increase the lethality in breaking down any structures it was used against.
Here’s the Battering Ram STEM Challenge:
Using a list of supplies, STEM teams must design and build a battering ram. The ram must be suspended in the air by string and must effectively swing back and forth to exert force on an opposing structure. The battering ram must also have wheels and axles, moving forward and backward. A cover (roof) for protection from oncoming attacks is recommended but not required.